Gauntlet’s Tarun Chitra wants to de-risk DeFi with an automated governance platform

https://www.theblockcrypto.com/post/78863/gauntlets-tarun-chitra-wants-to-de-risk-defi-with-an-automated-governance-suite?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss

“A lot of it has just been putting a finger to the wind.”

Tarun Chitra, a former programmer at D.E. Shaw, is talking about the nature of decentralized finance (DeFi) governance. For much of the young market’s history, vital protocol decisions — ranging from changes to stability rates to interest rates — have been made through Zoom calls with the loudest voices often seeing their recommended changes see the light of day. In many ways, it reflects the scrappy nature of the burgeoning market, but it is also un-scientific, says Chitra. That’s the problem his company Gauntlet Network is trying to solve. 

The firm, which launched in 2018 as a ratings agency-like company for the crypto market, has pivoted to offer a platform that makes it easier for market participants to make governance decisions in an automated fashion. The shake-up comes as decentralized entities in crypto are picking up steam. Non-custodial exchanges are now seeing hundred of millions of dollars in trading volumes, whilst trading of DeFi coins are making up an increasing percentage of trading volumes on centralized exchanges.

DeFi projects are governed by a community of governance token holder with varied structures, the most common of which is a multi-sig one in which a set of private key holders execute votes on behalf of token holders.

“Shareholder advocacy is going to exist more seriously in crypto but currently it is difficult for investors to think about these projects and the things they would need to vote on, such as interest rates,” Chitra said. 

At a high-level, Gauntlet monitors various DeFi protocols, running various simulations of certain governance decisions such as the parameters around what would trigger a pay-out for a decentralized credit default swap to the addition of new collateral types for Maker DAI. After examining these various simulation, Gauntlet submits what conditions would translate into the best performance for a given asset to the platform — which users can then automatically submit to the protocol. 

“Compound might want to increase collateral in the event of a March 12-like event,” Chitra said, explaining:

“So Gauntlet would be listening to the on-chain activity and then automatically say, “hey look BTC is very scary right now, so we are submitting code to the blockchain to make the collateral limit a lot lower and we generate a dashboard that shows the reasons why you can vote for this. They are still choosing but we are monitoring and generating proposals.”

“We are trying to automate as much as possible, taking these best in class financial models and measuring risk in all these protocols and acting as an alert system for investors,” he added.

 In a sense, it is also helping introduce less risk to the system. Indeed, Chitra says the platform takes a leaf from the page of hedge fund risk systems. “On Wall Street, you have a risk desk at a hedge fund they are running similar simulations and if certain conditions are met the systems will shut down a trading strategy,” Chitra said.

Already the firm has lined up “most of the big COMP/UNI holders,”according to Chitra.
 
One observer of the DeFi market said “this is actually very similar to e.g. delegating tokens in Proof-of-Stake—only their expertise extends to other protocols.”
 
“I think this is clear & useful though,” the person added. 

“Automated Governance acts as an immune system for a DeFi contract, providing the community with an off-chain risk monitoring system,” a blog post by Gauntlet reads. “Investors can rest assured, knowing that their assets are monitored for safety even in the rockiest conditions, much like a hedge fund’s risk management system or application performance monitoring.”

Underpinning Gauntlet’s monitoring system are new models purposely built for DeFi. In a way, Chitra said the firm had to go to the drawing board, devising new types of financial models that look different from Wall Street’s due to the unique nature of these markets.

“In crypto, it is a lot more crazy because there are unique dynamics between participants. It is possible for a third party to see you trade and pull liquidity,” he said, adding:

“It feels like the 1980s when the unique dynamics in options and derivatives gave birth to models like Black-Scholes.”

© 2020 The Block Crypto, Inc. All Rights Reserved. This article is provided for informational purposes only. It is not offered or intended to be used as legal, tax, investment, financial, or other advice.

‘It doesn’t need me:’ yearn.finance’s Andre Cronje on the protocol’s path to decentralization

https://www.theblockcrypto.com/post/78010/it-doesnt-need-me-yearn-finances-andre-cronje-on-the-protocols-path-to-decentralization?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss

In the fast-paced world of decentralized finance, the people behind the protocols are sometimes just as captivating as the protocols themselves. 

That’s certainly the case for yearn.finance’s Andre Cronje, the former banking developer who seemingly built out both a cult following and billion dollar protocol over night. Indeed, the governance token tied to the protocol, YFI, has surged beyond $30,000 since its inception at the beginning of the summer. 

If it was up to Andre, however, he wouldn’t be affiliated with the protocol as much as he is. Cronje is currently trying to expand the number of folks responsible for shepherding the protocol.

In the most recent episode of The Scoop, he explained why a proper decentralized protocol doesn’t need a decision-maker or figurehead, and discussed yearn’s planned transition to a more decentralized model in which multi-sig holders would approve strategies. 

“We haven’t fully transitioned yet,” he said. Still, he said: “I disagree with this idea that people have that I am yearn because it doesn’t need me. If I were to have a heart attack on this call now, it’s going to continue without me.”

We also discuss: 

  • Challenges of decentralized governance and how the yEarn community has fared
  • Why it’s difficult for other projects to replicate YFI’s success with their token launches
  • How the experimentation happening in the DeFi world matters to the traditional world of finance
  • What lowering the barrier of cost in DeFi means for innovation 
  • What’s behind the kind of toxicity in the space that almost drove him out
  • Some of the new project ideas yearn is working on, such as Stablecredit

© 2020 The Block Crypto, Inc. All Rights Reserved. This article is provided for informational purposes only. It is not offered or intended to be used as legal, tax, investment, financial, or other advice.